Sort and Separate

One needs to sort the laundry before washing, even though washers and dryers do the task automatically. Pay attention to the colors of the clothing and the fabric.

Sorting By Fabric: Separate delicate fabrics that require a gentle whirl, from heavier items.

Sorting By Color: Separate white clothes that include hankies, hand towels, linens, underwear, and all light colored, from dark pastels. Sorting By Soil level:

Soil can pass from one garment to another. So separate the soiled garments and launder heavy from the rest of the lot.

Hint: Check pockets and remove tissues before washing. Wash heavy lint shedders, especially blankets+, bedspreads, rugs and woolens separately. If doing machine launder, please clean out the lint filter regularly.


Use hot/warm water for white articles. Cold water can be used for all other loads. Check for stains and pre-treat them before washing. Hand washing is recommended for delicate items such as silk, wool, lace, lingerie and very dark colors that may run off the dye. It is advisable to use lukewarm or cold water for hand washing. When squeezing, handle the garment gently, taking care not to rub, wring or agitate any more than necessary.


Concentrated laundry detergent might also help to pre-treat.


Stains Pre-treating Methods:

Grease [Oil, Butter, etc]

To remove a black grease stain from clothing, try saturating the stain with rubbing alcohol, then blot with a clean white cloth. If the stain persists, try using grease cutting dish detergent, such as Dawn, and rub with a soft toothbrush. Another option, although it seems crazy, is to soak the soiled area overnight in a solution of detergent, Coca-Cola and water. Then launder as usual.

Ink Stain

Ink stain removal can be nearly impossible and many fear their clothes are ruined. Hair spray is a great ink stain removal tool for clothing. Simply spray the hair-spray onto the stained area make sure you're generous so the spray penetrates the fabric and let it sit for a few minutes. Throw the clothing item into the wash straight away and the ink should be removed when the washing cycle is done.
For leather garments try applying a liberal dose of petroleum jelly to the ink stain. Leave the jelly sitting on the stain for several days and then wipe the area clean.

Tea & Coffee Stains

For a fresh tea or coffee stain, immediately pour boiling water over the stain until it disappears. Or, soak the stain with borax and water, then wash as usual. On old stains, make a paste of borax and water, leave on for 15 minutes, then wash as usual.

Chocolates’ Stains

To remove chocolate, rub with a borax and warm water solution before laundering (4 tbsp. borax to 2 1/2 cups water).

Deodorant & Perspiration Stain

Shirts’ stains at under-arm are likely caused by a combination of deodorant and perspiration. Many deodorants and antiperspirants contain aluminum salts. When these salts are combined with laundry detergent, especially in cooler water settings, they are not easily dissolved, and they remain on the fabric.
To remove the stains, try soaking the shirts in warm water with an enzyme pre-soak product or rubbing the soiled area with white vinegar. Wash in the hottest water safe for the fabric. If the stain remains, dampen and sprinkle stain with meat tenderizer. Let stand for about an hour and launder again.
To avoid new stains from forming, always wash the shirts in the hottest water safe for the fabric. Also, allow antiperspirant to dry completely before dressing.

Color Articles without Bleeding

To set colors in colored items, soak them for an hour in a mix of 1/2 cup vinegar, 1/2 tablespoon of salt, and 1/2 gallon of water. If the water shows color after an hour, repeat the process. Use this technique only for single-colored items, because multi-colored items may bleed into each other. Multicolored items will likely need to be dry-cleaned.

Preventing Fading and Color Bleeding

The dark colored shirt that fades and ends up with a "frost" of fade on it. When laundering the dark (or bright) colored clothing, set the color by soaking the garment for an hour in a mix of 1/2 cup vinegar, 1/2 tablespoon of salt and 1/2 gallon of water. If the rinse water shows color after an hour, repeat the process. Use this technique only for single-colored items, because multi-colored items may bleed into each other. Multicolored items will likely need to be dry-cleaned. The clothing will still fade, but after many more washes, this will also prevent already laundered items from fading even more.

Removal of Rust

The best way to get rust stains out of your clothing is to use a lemon or table salt and cream of tarter.


To use a lemon, lay your garment on a flat surface on top of a towel. Cut the lemon in half and squeeze the juice onto the rust stain. (If you do not have a lemon, you can use bottled lemon juice, it works just as well.) Lay your garment in the sun and allow it to dry. Once your garment has dried, look to see if the rust stain has lifted. If it has not, repeat the process. If the rust stain is removed, launder your garment.

Salt and Cream of Tarter:

To use salt and cream of tarter, simply make a mixture using equal parts of both. Lay your garment on a flat surface on top of a towel. Spread your cream of tarter and salt mixture onto the rust stain. Place your garment in the sun and allow it to dry. If the rust stain has lifted, launder the shirt. If the rust stain has not lifted, repeat the process.

Refresh Black Clothing

Black clothes can be refreshed by adding bluing or strong coffee, or tea (2 cups) to the rinse water. They will return to their original dark black state. To prevent future fading, wash them in cold water, with Ivory Flakes with a small amount of detergent.

Refresh White Clothing White clothes can be refreshed by soaking them in lukewarm water and color safe or oxygenbleach for 24 hours, and then rinse them with vinegar and water. Use one tablespoon of vinegar to one quarter of water. Your clothes may be turning gray because you have hard water, and this diminishes the effectiveness of detergents, and often leaves a residue on clothing. If you think this is a case, you can add a powdered water softener to your wash, particularly when washing the white articles.
Wedding Dress Cleaning

Wedding dress manufacturer's recommend that wedding dresses be dry cleaned. You may be able to clean it yourself, but you would likely lose some of the luster. However, if you are willing to take a chance you can gently wash your dress in Woolite in the bathtub then let it air dry. Stuff it with acid-free tissue paper and store it in a 100% cotton garment bag or wrapped in 100% cotton sheets that have been rinsed with distilled water. If you choose to store it in an acid-free carton box, you will need to change the box every three to five years since cardboard is absorbent and even acid-free boxes can re-acidify over time. Store it in a cool, dry place (so no hot attics or damp basements).

Woolen Care

To get your Woolens wearable, first you have to figure out what is making it itchy. If the sweater or blanket is machine washable, you can try adding a powdered water softener to the wash. If you need to hand wash it, try washing it with a protein hair shampoo. If the scratchiness is caused from detergent residue, try adding white vinegar (1/2 cup) to the rinse cycle.

Using Fabric Conditioner

Looking after the clothes in the wash is as simple as adding a finishing touch to the final rinse cycle of each wash. Use best fabric conditioner that is soft and fragmented. This keeps the cloth away from bubble forming and detergent odour.


Drying in the sun makes the clothes fresh, but always turn the clothes inside out to avoid fading. It is advisable drying the patters like silk in shade (out of direct sunlight) to avoid creasing. One can use dryer if line drying is not possible. The dryer should be cool or warm unless for heavy items like towels, bedspreads, as the hot cycle can shrink the clothes. Tumble drying on cool or warm may make ironing easier. Some times, the patterns like woolens loose their shape if hung on the line and also will shrink if dried in dryer. For such items it is advisable to lay them flat in shade.


Before ironing it is important to check the care instructions on the garment that is directed to avoid damaging the fabric. Using a fabric conditioner in the final rinse will minimize the static cling and wrinkles, making ironing easy. It is advisable to switch-off the iron-box once it is heated, where that hotness itself is more than enough to the patterns like nylon, poly and silk. Only to the cotton fabric heat is required for strong press.